System Administration Guide: Virtualization Using the Solaris Operating System
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Introduction to the Scheduler

A fundamental job of the operating system is to arbitrate which processes get access to the system's resources. The process scheduler, which is also called the dispatcher, is the portion of the kernel that controls allocation of the CPU to processes. The scheduler supports the concept of scheduling classes. Each class defines a scheduling policy that is used to schedule processes within the class. The default scheduler in the Solaris Operating System, the TS scheduler, tries to give every process relatively equal access to the available CPUs. However, you might want to specify that certain processes be given more resources than others.

You can use the fair share scheduler (FSS) to control the allocation of available CPU resources among workloads, based on their importance. This importance is expressed by the number of shares of CPU resources that you assign to each workload.

You give each project CPU shares to control the project's entitlement to CPU resources. The FSS guarantees a fair dispersion of CPU resources among projects that is based on allocated shares, independent of the number of processes that are attached to a project. The FSS achieves fairness by reducing a project's entitlement for heavy CPU usage and increasing its entitlement for light usage, in accordance with other projects.

The FSS consists of a kernel scheduling class module and class-specific versions of the dispadmin(1M) and priocntl(1) commands. Project shares used by the FSS are specified through the project.cpu-shares property in the project(4) database.

Note - If you are using the project.cpu-shares resource control on a Solaris system with zones installed, see Zone Configuration Data, Resource Controls Used in Non-Global Zones, and Using the Fair Share Scheduler on a Solaris System With Zones Installed.

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